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8.13. Electronic control system of operation of the engine


13:1á System of feedback of the carburetor engine - early models
1. Damper
2. Diaphragm of system of bystry idling
3. Electromagnetic valve of system of bystry idling
4. For models with the 4-staged mechanical transmission
5. Electromagnetic valve of the distributor of ignition
6. Ignition distributor
7. Double diaphragm
8. From the coal filter
9. Blowing-off valve
10. The sensor of temperature of the arriving air
11. The injecting valve
12. Concentrating valve
13. Fuel interruption in supply valve
14. Sensor of provision of a butterfly valve
15. The additional operating valve
16. The operating valve of system of recirculation of exhaust gases
17. Temperature valve
18. Sensor of temperature of cooling liquid
19. Vacuum switch
20. Catalytic converter
21. Catalytic converter
22. Sensor of content of oxygen
23. Lamellar valve
24. Air valve
25. Additional air valve


13:1í System of feedback of the carburetor engine - late models
Mechanism of the automatic air gate
1. Heating element
2. To the relay of the air gate
3. Air gate
4. Breaker
5. To an inlet collector
6. Butterfly valve
7. Cam of bystry idling
8. Diaphragm of opening of the air gate
9. Bimetallic spiral
System of feedback of the carburetor
1. From the carburetor
2. Diaphragm of system of compensation of low atmospheric pressure
3. Atmospheric pressure
4. Low pressure - high pressure
5. To primary camera of the carburetor
6. Electromagnetic valve of opening of a butterfly valve
7. Vklyucheno-Vyklyucheno
8. Control valve
9. Vkl-Vykl
10. The electromagnetic valve of system of an advancing of ignition at the cold engine
11. Electromagnetic valve of system of an advancing of ignition
12. Vkl-Vykl
13. Distributor
14. From the coal filter
15. Vacuum diaphragm
16. Damper and diaphragm of opening of a butterfly valve
17. Valve of adjustment of composition of fuel mix
18. Valve gradually fuel interruptions in supply
19. Sensor of provision of a butterfly valve
20. Heating element
21. To the relay of a heating element
22. Sensor of temperature of cooling liquid
23. Catalytic converter
24. Sensor of content of oxygen
25. Vacuum diaphragm
26. From the air filter
27. Lamellar valve
28. Air valve
29. Additional air valve
30. Cold air
31. Hot air
32. Valve of ventilation of the float-operated camera
33. To the coal filter


13:1ó The Scheme of system of point-to-point injection of fuel (the model with a turbo-supercharging is shown, the scheme of system for models without turbo-supercharging is similar)
1. Fuel injectors
2. Distributor
3. Blowing-off air
4. Valve of ventilation of a case
5. Coal filter
6. Electromagnetic valve of system of recirculation of exhaust gases
7. Accumulator
8. Ignition coil
9. To the distributor
10. Igniter
11. Signal from the distributor
12. Relay of a heater of fuel mix
13. Temperature valve
14. Valve of recirculation of exhaust gases
15. Heater of cold fuel mix
16. Sensor of temperature of cooling liquid
17. Sensor of detonation combustion of fuel
18. Valve  of ventilation of a case
19. Idling switch
20. Vacuum diaphragm
21. Sensor of content of oxygen
22. Catalytic converter
23. Lamellar valve
24. Sensor of content of oxygen
25. Perepuskna valve
26. Turbocompressor
27. Air
28. Air stream sensor
29. Air temperature sensor
30. Air filter
31. Intake of air
32. Additional air filter
33. Air valve
34. Additional air valve


1. The electronic control system of operation of the engine consists of elements of three types (13.1a, 13.1b and 13.1v)
a) Information sensors (send information to the electronic block management)
b) Electronic control unit
c) Electromagnetic valves and the relay (receive the operating signals from an electronic control unit)
2. In case of detection of malfunctions in system address experts